Cornerstone Painting Contractors recently completed an interior residential painting project in Manchester, NH that consisted of converting stained woodwork and doors to paint.
Many homes built or remodeled in the 80's and early 90's had the woodwork and doors in their homes finished with a stain rather than paint. Popular colors used from Minwax were Provincial, Early American, Puritan Pine and Golden Oak. As the fad was coming to it fruition, the colors generally got lighter. Stain has been out of fashion for many years now and people that built or purchased homes built in the 80's and 90's are changing over to paint. The advantage of paint, is that it is brighter and more cheery as well as opens up unlimited paint options for the woodwork as well as for the walls.
The process for converting to stain is a little time consuming , because it requires multiple steps of prep, primer and finish coating.
The steps required to do the job properly would be to first lightly sand the woodwork and doors with a 180 grit sandpaper as well as a sanding block to get into the concave and convex surfaces. This step is followed by wiping the woodwork and doors with a product called "Wilbond", which can be found at independent paint stores like Queen City Paint in Manchester. This product is wiped on with a rag and its purpose is to soften the polyurethane in order for the primer to grip to the polyurethane. Gloves and a well ventilated area, possibly a respirator is required for this step because of the strong odor of this product. The next step is to apply a low odor oil base primer. There are latex primers that are formulated to grip to tough surfaces, but the most effective is still the oil base primer for maximum grip to the existing polyurethane. Once the woodwork and doors have been primed, all of the cracks and open miters in the trim become apparent and will need to be caulked as well as caulking the door and window frames into the walls. If there are any nail holes, puddy them at this time. Lightly sand again and now you are ready to start applying the finish coat. Normally two (2) coats of a latex semi-gloss paint is used for the finish although a different sheen can be used based on your desired results. A great paint that our company started using a short time ago is call "Advanced". This is a product developed by Benjamin Moore and it is a waterborne alkyd paint. It applies like a latex paint but because it is oil modified, it lays out and dries to a finish similar to an oil base paint. The advantages of this product in comparison to an oil base paint, is that it has little odor, dries quickly, retains it color (non yellowing) and is water clean up.
The customer was very pleased to see the stain color gone from her home and had a drapery company follow quickly behind us, so that she wasted no time starting to decorate her newly painted windows.